The Little Mermaid
The Little Mermaid is a figure in one of Hans Christian Andersen's (1805-75)
fairy tales and was created by the Danish sculptor Edvard Eriksen. The
statue was placed at Langelinie in 1912 and is a world famous tourist
The Little Mermaid is called (Den Lille Havfrue) in Danish and is situated
at Langelinie (Near the Old Citadel). The statue of the Little Mermaid
is through a century become a symbol, not only to the city of Copenhagen
but also to the entire country, and the Danes love their Little Mermaid
- who just wishes to be a human being.
Rosenborg Castle was built as a royal summer residence by King Christian
in 1606-34. The King designed the Castle himself in Dutch Renaissance
style and lived here until he died in 1648.
The Castle was at that time outside the ramparts of Copenhagen with its
own kitchen and flower gardens.
In 1838 Rosenborg Castle was opened as a museum to the public and the
royal crown jewel are kept in the castle cellars.
Tivoli is the greatest attraction in Scandinavia and one of the world's
best known amusement parks.
The Tivoli Gardens was founded in 1843 by Georg Carstensen and the oldest
buildings are the head-entry and Pantomime Theatre from 1874.
Tivoli opens every spring in April to mark the Danish summer season and
closes its gates in September.
Tivoli is also grouped with many enter-tainment's for children and adults
together with a wide variety of restaurants, shops and outdoor bars, cafes
and fast-food. The fountain in front of the concert hall is from 1956
with 2000 seats and surrounded by various flower arrangements.
Tivoli Garden is filled with many sort of blooming flowers like tulips,
roses, chrysanthemums etc. decorating the entire garden in a natural and
Tivoli offers more than 30 entertainment's many with breathtaking experience
and adventures some with spectacular sights over Copenhagen.
The Amalienborg Palace complex consists of four rococo palaces and is
the prime residence of Danish Royal family. The palace buildings are placed
around a octagonal square with a equestrian statue of King Frederik V
(1723) 1746-66 in the centre, who was the planner and builder of Amalienborg
Inside Amalienborg Palace.
King Christian VIII's palace from 1760 houses a museum with private royal
apartments of Danish Glucksborg Kings from 1863 to 1947, incl. original
fittings and furnishing.
In some periods of the year there are also access to Christian VII's palace
from 1754, which has recently been renovated.
The Danish Royal Guard marches from Rosenborg Castle at 11.30 am and through
Copenhagen accompanied by
a brass band - and end at Amalienborg Palace to execute the ceremony of
changing the guard at noon.
Copenhagen's Latin Quarter surrounds the old campus of Copenhagen University
and brims with pedestrians, cafes and bookshops. Kultorvet, a plaza just
to the north of the Latin Quarter, is particularly busy during summer,
when its beer gardens and produce stalls are well attended, and when buskers
will endeavour to win your patronage.
Directly opposite the university grounds is Vor Frue Kirke, the city's
striking neoclassical cathedral which was originally built in the late
12th century and then rebuilt three times after succumbing to various
pesky fires. The interior is decorated with sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen's
acclaimed statues of Christ and the 12 apostles.
Good views of the city's rooftops are available from the summit of the
Rundetårn (Round Tower), a 35m-high (115ft) pile of bricks a few
blocks east of the Latin Quarter. The Rundetårn was erected as an
observatory in 1642 and is still used by amateur astronomers in the wintertime,
qualifying it as the oldest functioning observatory in Europe.
Christiansborg Castle houses the Danish Parliament and is the third castle
constructed since the very first castle was built 800 years ago and on
the very same spot where Bishop Absalon built the first castle.
Today's Christiansborg Castle was built in stages during 1907-28, and
beside being the seat of the Danish Parliament (Folketing) the castle
also houses the Royal Reception Rooms with the Great Hall used for banquets
held for foreign heads of state and diplomatic audiences.
In the north wing is also the Supreme Court and the Prime Minister's
office and department located.
The Royal stables and the Theater Museum are placed around the riding
The first castle was erected by Bishop Absalon in 1167 and the ruins
can be seen under Christiansborg Castle.
Christianshavn & Christiania
One of the highlights of the canal-punctured district of Christianshavn
is Vor Frelsers Kirke ('Our Saviour's Church'), topped by a 95m (311ft),
400-step spiral steeple which affords breathtaking views over the city.
On the eastern side of the district is the self-labelled 'progressive'
community of Christiania.
Christiania started life as a military camp before being abandoned and
taken over in 1971 by ambitious squatters who proclaimed their own 'free
It never achieved full independence but still enjoys status as a rent-
and tax-free enclave and a lively, arts-soaked environment. You can stroll
or cycle through the area (cars aren't allowed) and check out the local
craft market or organic food eateries - informative guided tours are offered
daily throughout summer.
The Round Tower
The great builder of Copenhagen King Christian IV laid the first stone
of the fabulous Round Tower in 1637, and the 36 metre high tower was completed
as an observatory 1642.
The tower is connected to the Trinitatis church building in the old Latin
quarter and right in the heart of Copenhagen.
The Round Tower is built with a 210 metre long spiral stairway, which
leads to the top.
In 1716, the royal Empress Katharina drove up to the top of the Tower
a horse carriage, with her husband Peter The Great in front, on horseback,
to enjoy the beautiful view over Copenhagen.
On the top of the Round Tower there is an exquisite view over the old
part of Copenhagen and visitors can see some of King Christian IV's buildings
like Rosenborg Castle - Børsen (Old stock exchange), Nyboder etc.
At this pictorial viewpoint the Cathedral "Our Lady" and the
Town hall building is placed right in front.
Nyhavn "New Port" was established in 1673-73 as a gateway to
the sea from the old inner city.
During the growth of Copenhagen the canal moved to it present place and
the houses surrounding the Nyhavn canal are more than 300 years old.
The great anchor in front of Nyhavn is the monument commemorating all
the Danish sailors who offered their life's during the second world war.
Today the canal is packed with old wooden ships creating an atmosphere
from the past time around 1780-1810 when Nyhavn was the main center of
all trade to sea from Copenhagen.
Nyhavn with its picturesque old houses and sailing ships on either side
of the canal, offers a variety of restaurants, pubs, cafes with dancing
and music, 24 hours a day. Nyhavn is also called "The longest bar
The Royal Library called "The Black Diamond"
On September 15th 1999 the Royal Library's extension at Copenhagen’s
harbor front - The Black Diamond - was inaugurated. The construction of
the Diamond had been going on since 1996 and fulfilled an age long dream
of an extension of the old Royal Library.
Pay this architectural peal at the waterfront a visit and experience the
atmosphere among books, exhibitions activities, shops, restaurant, café
etc. surrounded by Scandinavian building design at its very best.
The Nationalmuseet (National Museum) is a must-see for anyone who wants
a comprehensive grounding in Danish history and culture. True to its name,
the Nationalmuseet has the biggest collection of Danish historical artefacts
in the country. On Sundays in summer the ambience is enhanced by free
chamber music concerts.
The Nationalmuseet has dibs on virtually every antiquity found on Danish
soils, whether it was unearthed by a farmer ploughing his fields or a
government-sponsored archaeological dig.
The artefacts date from the Upper Palaeolithic period to the mid-19th
century. Highlights include the Sun Chariot, which is over 3500 years
old, and an exhibition of 3000-year-old bronze lurs (Danish horns).
Rosenborg Slot houses a museum and the treasury where the royal regalia
and jewels are kept. Downstairs is a public viewing room where you can
marvel at incredible jewellery.
It was built in Dutch Renaissance style by Christian IV to serve as his
summer home. A century later Frederik IV, who felt cramped at Rosenborg,
built a roomier palace north of the city in the town of Fredensborg.
The 24 rooms in the castle's upper levels are chronologically arranged,
housing the furnishings and portraits of each monarch from Christian IV
to Frederik VII. However, the main attraction lies on the lower level,
where the dazzling collection of crown jewels are displayed.
These include Christian IV's ornately designed crown; the jewel-studded
sword of Christian III; and Queen Margrethe II's emeralds and pearls,
which are kept here when the queen is not wearing them to official functions.
These items are considered such a national treasure that the queen is
not permitted to take the royal jewels with her when she travels outside
Slotsholmen is a groovy island connected to the rest of Copenhagen by
small bridges, it is the place that Denmark's national government calls
home. Slotsholmen attracts large numbers of visitors who come to check
out the palatial (literally) government office.
The original Christiansborg palace was constructed in the 1730s to replace
the pokey Copenhagen Castle and several buildings, namely the royal stables
and edifices surrounding the main courtyard, date from this time.
Folketinget, the parliamentary chamber, can be toured on Sunday year-round,
as well as on weekdays over summer, and this includes a peek at Wanderer's
Hall, which contains the original copy of Denmark's Constitution.
For sheer Renaissance grandness, De Kongelige Repræsentationslokaler
(the Royal Reception Chambers) won't disappoint - it's where royal banquets
are scoffed and heads of state entertained. Underneath the palace are
the excavated ruins of two earlier castles, including Bishop Absalom's
original 1167 effort.
Grundtvig's Church (Grundtvigskirken) was commended in 1921 and completed
1940. It is known as the largest public Evangelical Lutheran church in
he architectural concept is a devided combination between a cathedral
and old Danish country churches.
Three generations of architects from the same family have been involved
in building and furnishing Grundtvigskirken. The main architect P. V.
Jensen Klint, who died in 1930, was succeeded by his son Kaare Klint and
later his grandson Esben Klint.
The church is a national monument over the hymn-writer N. F. S. Grundtvig
(1783-1872), who also was a Danish pioneer of folk high schools, philosopher
and social reformer.
It took almost 20 years to finish this huge building project at Bispebjerg
in the northern part of the city - which is worth a visit.